1975 constitutional crisis essays

The monarch is represented through the Governor-Generalwho has executive powers granted in the Constitution, [1] as well as rarely exercised reserve powers.

1975 constitutional crisis essays

February 16, Explain the Dismissal of the Whitlam Government in Explain the dismissal of the Whitlam government in It has been described as the greatest political and constitutional crisis in Australias history. The crisis began in the upper house of the Federal Parliament, the Senate, where the opposition Liberal-National Country Party coalition had a majority.

Using a series of recent scandals as justification, the Senate announced it would defer any voting on the annual supply bills that appropriated funds for government expenditure until the Prime Minister called an election for the House of Representatives.

The Whitlam Labor government dismissed such calls as being incompatible with the Westminster tradition of lower house supremacy. Simultaneously, the government pressured Liberal Senators to support the bills, while also exploring alternative means to fund government expenditure.

The impasse extended into weeks, with the threat of the government failing to meet its financial obligations being ever present. May 18, — had been plagued by several financial scandals. In this context, two Liberal State Premiers, when faced with casual vacancies for those states in the Federal Senate, replaced, in one case a retiring Labor Senator, and in 1975 constitutional crisis essays other, a deceased Labor Senator with Senators who opposed the federal government.

These actions are generally regarded as going against a strong convention under which retiring Senators are replaced with those of the party of the retiring Senators choosing.

Quoting financial mismanagement as a pretext, these Senators helped to vote against the passage of the governments budget through the Upper House a refusal of the Senate to pass the budget is known as blocking supplyunder the assumption that the government was obliged to resign and call an election.

Le Cercle ALIENOR et ses membres vous accueillent

While in most constitutional democracies, the power to block supply is reserved for the popularly elected lower house only, Australias British-drafted constitution, which dates from and so pre-dates Britains Parliament Act,which enshrined this principle of the supremacy of the lower house in the British constitution, allows both houses to withdraw supply.

Whether a constitution allows either houses in a parliament, or only the lower house, to withdraw supply, the results of having it withdrawn are in theory the same: Resign, allowing someone else to form a government and get supply;???

Request a parliamentary dissolution; or??? Get both Houses to agree on a budget within 48 hours 24 if possible. At around 1 pm on 11 NovemberKerr, in accordance with Section 64 of the Constitution, revoked Whitlams commission and installed Fraser as caretaker Prime Minister, with instructions to make no policy changes, no appointments, no dismissals and call an immediate federal election.

This came as a surprise too many Labor members, since Whitlam, in the confusion, had not told them what had occurred. Whitlam moved a motion that this House expresses its want of confidence in the Prime Minister and requests Mr.

1975 constitutional crisis essays

Speaker forthwith to advise His Excellency the Governor-General to call on me to form a government. This vote of confidence in Whitlam was passed on party lines.

News of this vote was delivered personally to Kerr by the Speaker of the House Gordon Scholes, but Kerr refused to see him until after his Official Secretary David Smith had read the notice of double dissolution at Parliament House at 4.

On hearing the proclamation dissolving Parliament, which ended with the traditional God Save the Queen, Whitlam delivered an impromptu address to the crowd that had gathered in front of the steps of Parliament House.

Fortunately for his reputation, the funds failed to materialize. Whitlam ran a bitter and passionate campaign but, despite this, the ALP suffered a 7.The Constitutional Crisis - The Whitlam Dismissal Essay by mentalmorrison, High School, 10th grade, B, July download word file, 5 pages download word file, 5 pages 0 votes.

1975 Constitutional Crisis

Australian constitutional crisis of I will never forget that day, 11 November to be exact. To me it is a day of rememberance. This whole contraversial issue began when the the Senate blocked a bill that appropriated funds for the payment of government expenditure, with the goal of forcing the Government to call a lower-house election.

View Essay - Politics Essay from ATS at Monash. The Constitutional Crisis By Peta Soldatos What were the issues at stake in the Constitutional Crisis? Did the resolution of the. The Constitutional Crisis of is significant to Australian politics today to some extent.

The Constitutional crisis involved the breach of constitutional conventions and the eventual dismissal of the Prime Minister.

Many factors are involved in The Constitutional Crisis of Australian Constitutional Crisis of essaysAustralian constitutional crisis of I will never forget that day, 11 November to be exact. To me it is a day of rememberance.

This whole contraversial issue began when the the Senate blocked a bill that appropriated funds for the payment of. Essays Related to The Constitutional Crisis. 1. Lincoln is a Constitutional Revolutionary. Lincoln is a Constitutional Revolutionary When faced with overwhelming crisis for the country he had just been sworn in to protect, President Abraham Lincoln crossed boundaries in order to achieve his goals.

And because of this attitude Lincoln, in /5(2).

Australian constitutional crisis - Wikipedia