Background issues in language learning

Watson, Old Dominion University Revised August Our daily educational experiences can be enriched by learning in culturally and linguistically diverse classrooms because we learn from others whose experiences and beliefs are different than ours. We learn to communicate effectively and respectfully with individuals of varied backgroundsand then may then think twice about stereotypes, prejudices, and discriminatory behaviors because we grow as individuals, as stewards of knowledge, and as change agents.

Background issues in language learning

Subsequently the Language-in-Education Policy was adopted in This policy operates within the following paradigm paragraph 1: In terms of the new Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, the government, and thus the Department of Education, recognises that our cultural diversity is a valuable national asset and hence is tasked, amongst other things, to promote multilingualism, the development of the official languages, and respect for all languages used in the country, including South African Sign Language and the languages referred to in the South African Constitution.

The inherited language-in-education policy in South Africa has been fraught with tensions, contradictions and sensitivities, and underpinned by racial and linguistic discrimination.

A number of these discriminatory policies have affected either the access of the learners to the education system or their success within it. This approach is in line with the fact that both societal and individual multilingualism are the global norm today, especially on the African continent.

As such, it assumes that the learning of more than one language should be general practice and principle in our society. That is to say, being multilingual should be a defining characteristic of being South African.

Learning about Your Students' Backgrounds | Colorín Colorado

It is constructed also to counter any particularistic ethnic chauvinism or separatism through mutual understanding.

A wide spectrum of opinions exists as to the locally viable approaches towards multilingual education, ranging from arguments in favour of the cognitive benefits and cost-effectiveness of teaching through one medium home language and learning additional language s as subjects, to those drawing on comparative international experience demonstrating that, under appropriate conditions, most learners benefit cognitively and emotionally from the type of structured bilingual education found in dual-medium also known as two way immersion programmes.

Whichever route is followed, the underlying principle is to maintain home language s while providing access to and the effective acquisition of additional language s. With regard to the delivery system, policy will progressively be guided by the results of comparative research, both locally and internationally.

The right to choose the language of learning and teaching is vested in the individual. This right has, however, to be exercised within the overall framework of the obligation on the education system to promote multilingualism.

Background issues in language learning

The Language-in-Education Policy also makes the following statements: The parent exercises the language choice the document uses the wording 'language rights' on behalf of the minor learner.

Where a certain language is not available, learners may request the provincial education department to make provision for instruction in the chosen language. Where there are less than 40 requests in Grades 1 to 6, or less than 35 requests in Grades 7 to 12 for instruction in a language in a given grade not already offered by a school in a particular school district, the head of the provincial department of education will determine how the needs of those learners will be met, taking into account: The objective of the South African Schools Act Act 84 of is to provide a strong foundation for the protection and advancement of the country's diverse cultures and languages.

Section 6 of this act empowers school governing bodies to determine the language policy of schools within guidelines set nationally and on provincial level. Schools should take these preferences into account and work towards multilingualism.

Only official languages may be used for instruction. From Grade 3 onwards, all pupils will have to study the language they are taught in, and at least one other approved language.

Furthermore language may not be used as a barrier to admission.

Background on Education

Governing bodies must stipulate how their schools will promote multilingualism. Failing a language will result in failing a grade. Current language situation in schools Despite the government's commitment for multilingualism and the promotion of language rights in all spheres of public life, the education sector does not totally reflect the multilingual nature of South Africa.

More can definitely be done towards the promotion of mainly the African languages in South African schools.

In terms of learning areas subjects all eleven official languages can be taken as a 'home language', 'first additional language' and 'second additional language' [with the initial school curriculum, called Curriculumthe learning area was called Language, Literacy and Communication ]. Despite the names for the learning areas very often learners take languages on a 'home language' level whilst the specific language might only be their second or third language.

This is especially true in multilingual communities and in former white schools sometimes called former model C schools that have taken in a number of African language speaking pupils.

This is quite a contentious issue as parents want their children to rather study in English than in their own home languages.

Possible reasons that may be reason of this situation are:The Language Learning Monograph Series volume, Usage-Based Approaches to Language Aquisition and Processing: Cognitive and Corpus Investigations of Construction Grammar authored by Nick Ellis, Ute Römer, and Matthew Brook O'Donnell, is available for purchase from, or included with a subscription to Language Learning.


Background issues in language learning

Chomsky's Case against Skinner. The behaviorist psychologist B.F.

Monitoring Progress

Skinner was the first theorist to propose a fully fledged theory of language acquisition in his book, Verbal Behavior (Skinner ). His theory of learning was closely related to his theory of linguistic behavior itself. ABSTRACT This study investigated the effects of language background on the success in the learning of Chinese characters by first-year college learners of Chinese.

An instrument consisting of a character recognition task and a production task was employed. Information about the open-access article 'Culture in Language Learning: Background, Issues and Implications ' in DOAJ.

DOAJ is an online directory that indexes and provides access to quality open access, peer-reviewed journals. If you wish to participate, follow the steps outlined by COS: preregister the design of your study with the Open Science Framework (for review and approval by COS), carry out the study, and submit your manuscript to Language Learning, provided the manuscript directly relates to fundamental issues of language learning and development.

Barriers to Learning (revised ) orientation, disability, language, socioeconomic status, education, group identity, communication • Hiring staff from the same background as the target population does not necessarily ensure the provision of appropriate services, especially when these personnel are not in.

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