Civil War The first Greek alphabet alpha symbolizes the beginning of an event. Here, of course, we are talking about the beginning of the Civil War.
On December 24, Pickens sent proxies to Washington to negotiate what would be done about the occupied Bombing of fort sumter essay and to ensure Anderson remained at Fort Moultrie. However, on December 26 Anderson put his plan into action: What followed was basically a siege of Fort Sumter, with supplies and communication controlled by Pickens.
On January 9,the Star of the West, a side-wheel merchant steamer that had been sent from New York with supplies and reinforcements for Anderson, was unable to reach Fort Sumter because Pickens had built up the harbor defenses and fired on it.
Anderson, under orders to fire only in defense, could only watch as the ship was turned back. Shortly after, on January 11, Pickens demanded surrender and Anderson refused.
By January 20, the food shortage had become acute enough that Pickens was under criticism from moderates and sent food to the fort, which was refused by Anderson. Shortly after, Pickens allowed the evacuation of 45 women and children to provide some measure of relief.
On March 1, Brigadier General P. Beauregard arrived in Charleston. He had been appointed by Confederate president Jefferson Davis to take command of the military situation in Charleston.
Beauregard continued strengthening the harbor defenses and gun emplacements facing Fort Sumter. Following his inauguration on March 4,Lincoln sent unofficial emissaries to observe the situation and report back to him while official negotiations with the Confederate government took place in Washington.
He learned that Anderson would probably be out of food by mid-April.
Anderson had indicated he needed supplies and reinforcements in early March and again on April 3, but did not received news or further instruction until April 8, when he received a letter from Washington informing him of that a relief expedition was being mounted.
The Lincoln administration left the question of war up to the Confederates, which would be determined by whether or not they fired on the Federal supply ship and the fort, which the Federals did not intend to give up. Beauregard began moving men and artillery into place and on April 11 and sent envoys to Fort Sumter to demand surrender.
Anderson, after polling his men, once again refused. Following the refusal, Beauregard was asked to assess how long it would be before Anderson would run out of food and be forced to surrender, so just after midnight on April 12, the envoys arrived back at the Fort.
Hoping the relief expedition would arrive before then, Anderson said he would surrender at noon on April He was informed that was not soon enough, firing would began at 4: Anderson, to reduce his casualties and conserve ammunition, did not return fire until just before 7: Anderson also tried to reduce casualties by only using the guns from his lower casemates, where his men would be less exposed.
Later in the morning, the barracks caught fire and many of his men had to be used as a fire crew. In the afternoon, they spotted the three ships flying the US flag just outside the harbor and thought they would be resupplied during the night, not realizing that the ships were actually on their way to Fort Pickens in Pensacola, Florida.
As night fell, Anderson stopped firing and the Confederates reduced their fire but resumed it the next morning. April 13, the barracks again caught fire and threatened the ammunition store, in spite of the rainy day. At about 1 p. On seeing the flag shot away, Louis Wigfall—aide to Beauregard, fire-eater, and former U.
Although initially told that Anderson was not surrendering, Wigfall was able to negotiate a surrender.
Document Based Question The Opening Shots of the Civil War/Attack on Fort Sumter 8th to 11th Grade Michael T. Watson- Mulberry Middle School Directions: The following documents center on the opening shots of the Civil War at Fort Sumter, situated in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina. Read Battle of Fort Sumter free essay and over 88, other research documents. Battle of Fort Sumter. Fort Sumter is located in Charleston, South Carolina. The fort is in Charleston’s harbor. The fort was not even /5(1). The Beginning of the Civil War: The Battle of Fort Sumter Essay When Anderson refused, Beauregard open fired on the fort the next morning April Although there were about men surrounding the fort only were estimated to be a part of the attack (Battle).
After further negotiation, the same terms were eventually agreed to: The people of Charleston came out in boats on April 14 to watch the surrender and evacuation. As part of the surrender terms, Anderson had received permission to fire a gun salute while lowering the American flag before departing.
Halfway through, one of the guns discharged prematurely, killing Private Daniel Hough, who had emigrated to the U.Bombing of Fort Sumter Essay - Bombing of Fort Sumter The event of this paper changes the lives of many people that time and today. This event leads to the great and terrible war that destroys families and a way of life for some people.
This is one event change the south for good and for bad. Fort Sumter Attack on Fort Sumter Fort Sumter was located near Charleston, South Carolina.
It started the civil war by South Carolina wanting control over the fort from the. Essay on Bombing of Fort Sumter.
Bombing of Fort Sumter The event of this paper changes the lives of many people that time and today. This event leads to the great and terrible war that destroys families and a way of life for some people.
This is one event change . The Battle of Fort Sumter (April 12–13, ) was the bombardment of Fort Sumter near Charleston, South Carolina by the Confederate States Army, and the return gunfire and subsequent surrender by the United States Army, that started the American Civil War.
Free Essay: Bombing of Fort Sumter The event of this paper changes the lives of many people that time and today. This event leads to the great and terrible.
Battle Of Fort Sumter Summary: The Battle of Fort Sumter was the first battle of the American Civil War. The intense Confederate artillery bombardment of Major Robert Anderson’s small Union garrison in the unfinished fort in the harbor at Charleston, South Carolina, had been preceded by months of.