Introduction The struggle of African Americans and women for freedom and civil rights in the U. While some of them were seeking consolation in the sincere fight for natural human freedom, others were trying to prove to themselves and the rest of the American society that the government did not have the power to govern civil relations in the U. For the majority of African Americans, their journey to freedom has turned into the journey to civil rights revolution — the revolution that has brought with it the new reality, where white dominance was no longer relevant.
The Civil Rights Movement Essay: The Civil Rights Movement There are have been many social movement that have captured my attention but the movement that I was most attracted to was the Civil Rights movement.
The reason I am so fascinated by the Civil Rights movement is because the movement was ultimately about equality and freedom. The goal of this movement was to encourage people to give blacks the right to be equals to the rest of the society.
Without the civil rights movement over half the United States would not have any rights. The movement took a long time to carry out but its outcome was amazing in the end they ended up getting rights.
The ultimate goal of the civil rights movement was to end racial segregation and discrimination against blacks in the United States. What made this movement so successful were the organization and the participation that it had from the black community.
Many churches were the home base of where a lot of the planning took place. Women would make pamphlets and hand them out in the street.
Without the community this movement would have not gone as far as it did. During this movement Women were forgotten, even though women played a large role making this movement happen they were never heard of.
Most of the time women were invisible during the movement. One could say that the case of Emmett Till can be seen as the motivation for the Civil Rights Movement in the sense that it launched a new era in media and national attention for the movement. Fourteen-year-old Emmett Till was a visiting relatives in Money, Mississippi, on August 24,when he reportedly whistled at white cashier at a grocery store about four days later, two white men kidnapped, beat and shot him in the head.
The men were tried for murder, but an all-white, male jury acquitted them. This was the first in a series of wake up calls for White America and even further for Northern America about the horrific realities of lynching. Up until this point the Northern population saw the movement as an issue of unfair treatment, this was the wake up call that shocked them into caring and understanding that this movement was truly a matter of the preservation of lives.
The other role this case played was the attention a black journalist named Simeon Booker got. It was the first time that the White press had taken an interest in a case like this in the movement.
This was the point where leaders in the movement were able to grab ahold of the power of the non-Black press and set in motion a relationship with the media that would be crucial to the success of the movement. It can be said that the modern Civil Rights Movement was birthed out of and functioned within the realm of the Black church; because this is true it only makes sense that the gender roles that shaped the Black church were the same that shaped the movement.
The woman was essentially seen and not so much heard unless it was the wish of the men in the movement. The church also subscribed to the concept of charismatic leadership, which picked a figurehead as the face of the movement while grassroots led the movement.
Just like male ministers head a church and the women of the church do all of the work that comes with running the church and preparing for service each Sunday, the women of the movement ensured order, made flyers, and created chains of information.
Martin Luther King Jr, who was the figurehead for the Civil Rights Movement and consisted of male ministers, founded it. These men traveled together and would preach about peace and equality but it was women who were necessary in organizing the groundwork.
Even more apparent was the direct link between religion and the leaders of the movement. The men whom we know as the primary faces or figureheads of the movement were both, first and foremost, religious leaders.
Martin Luther King Jr. The fact that most of the civil rights movement leader were also church leaders shows how much church and this movement go together. The two most prominent forms of leadership in the Civil Rights Movement and Black Power are charismatic leadership and grassroots leadership.
In order for a movement to be successful there was to be figurehead. What this figurehead is just the face of the movement, for example Martin Luther king Jr was one of the figure heads chosen for this movement.
When most people think of the Civil Rights Movement he is what comes to mind. The two most prominent forms of leadership in the course of the Civil Rights Movement and Black Power are charismatic leadership and grassroots leadership.
Charismatic leadership is the more recognizable form of leadership in the movement this type of structure is modeled after the black church. It elects a figurehead with a charismatic disposition to essentially work as the face of the movement, such as Martin Luther King or Malcolm X.
Representation of ideas and thoughts are relayed directly from those who conceived them, not from a figurehead. This form of leadership was more popular in student groups such as the SNCC and was advocated by leaders such as Ella Baker.
While these two forms of leadership are identified separately, they do in fact need each other. A figurehead leader is a good buffer to allow grassroots work continues without disruption while the public and press focus their attention on the leader. Grassroots is fueled by its workers and a charismatic leader can draw in more manpower and ideas when people are attracted to a figureheads charisma.
Most importantly though, charismatic leaders would have nothing to relay and put in action if not for the work of grassroots, creating campaigns, ideas, and strategies.Civil Rights and the Second Reconstruction The Civil Rights era was one of the most tumultuous times in American history.
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