Human trafficking in south africa

The materials shall help first responders to adequately deal with trafficking in persons cases. The need for easy-to-use information available to all law enforcement officers has been identified by many practitioners in different regions of the world. The First Aid Kit has been released both electronically and as a carrying case.

Human trafficking in south africa

Understanding Human Trafficking in South Africa - The Daily Vox

No increase in trafficking. Risks of an undue emphasis on trafficking Considering the limited evidence of human trafficking in South Africa, the attention the issue receives in policy prioritisation and media reporting appears disproportionate.

This diverts attention and resources from other issues and creates several blind spots: Other human rights abuses, which are well documented and prevalent in South and Southern Africa, receive less attention and resources by welfare and advocacy organisations, the media and government.

Attention is diverted from less sensational aspects of labour exploitation, such as the exploitation of undocumented migrants and vulnerable workers in largely unregulated or unmonitored sectors such as domestic work, farm labour and forms of casual construction work.

Other areas of policy and law that affect more substantial numbers of people remain poorly addressed, if at all, despite many years of debate. Such policy areas include the issues of cross-border migration and sex work. What is Human trafficking in south africa difference between sex work and trafficking?

Sex work refers to the practice of engaging in sexual activities for reward. It involves the exchange of labour for an agreed-upon amount of money, goods or services. Trafficking, on the other hand, refers to the movement of people, against their will, for purposes of exploitation that may include sexual exploitation.

Nevertheless, sex work reflects a conscious choice by the individual. In the case of trafficking, a third party effectively forces a man, woman or child into exploitative circumstances. Are migrant sex workers victims of trafficking? Despite several media reports to the contrary, foreign migrant sex workers are not necessarily victims of trafficking.

Many women, men and children independently leave their country of origin to migrate temporarily or permanently — to another country; on arrival, they may have limited opportunities to generate an income and turn to sex work.

Research in Southern Africa has established that a number of migrant women choose to take on sex work as a practical solution to periods of intense economic strain. Although some may make this choice reluctantly, they are not victims of trafficking.

Policy options What policy options should be considered to assist in addressing human trafficking? Facilitating legal immigration It can be complicated and expensive for migrants to enter South Africa legally.

Migrants clandestinely entering South Africa are at risk of rape or sexual assault by criminal gangs and smugglers operating in border areas.

Human trafficking in south africa

Because illegal immigration is an offence, clandestine border crossers are less likely to report the crimes against them or seek appropriate assistance. Lack of documentation also exposes migrants to a greater risk of labour exploitation in South Africa, because employers know that undocumented employees are unlikely to report abuses.

Establishing a broad range of simple, inexpensive and well-publicised legal channels for immigration into South Africa would narrow the opportunities for traffickers to mislead potential migrants and profit from exploitation, and would encourage migrants to use formal immigration channels where their rights and safety would be better protected.

Decriminalising sex work Sex work is currently a criminal offence in South Africa. As a result, authorities are feared and distrusted by sex workers. If sex work were decriminalised through appropriate amendments to the law, the sex industry would become more open to regulation and the role of the police could change from persecutor to protector of sex workers.

In addition to broader arguments for the decriminalisation of sex work such as the positive impact on public health through improved sex worker access to healthcare services and HIV preventiondecriminalisation would mean sex workers could assist police in identifying people who have been trafficked or otherwise forced into sex work against their will.

Facilitating a cooperative relationship between sex workers and authorities, such as the police and social services, could therefore assist in detecting the perpetrators and victims of trafficking.An estimated 27 million adults & 13 million children are victims of human trafficking.

Learn more about this global crime with our human trafficking facts. All eyes turn to Russia this month as it hosts the FIFA World Cup, a month-long tournament of football (soccer, to Americans) on the world’s most prominent stage..

By Judge Patricia Goliath ‘Money may be able to buy a lot of things, but it should never, ever be able to buy another human being’ John F Kerry Trafficking in persons report July (, accessed ).. Human trafficking is a global phenomenon and one of the world’s most shameful crimes.

According to the most recent human population statistics of South Africa's 55 million inhabitants, there are more than 15 million African refugees in the country.

How is human trafficking defined in South Africa?

These refugees are from war-torn African countries like Tanzania, Angola, Mozambique, Somalia, Cameroon and Nigeria.

"Reporting of a missing person is very important because a person may have been abducted, kidnapped or a crime of human trafficking may have been committed. Community members must at all times be vigilant and ensure children are safe.

Focusing on the criminal justice element of human trafficking and migrant smuggling, the work that UNODC does to combat these crimes is underpinned by the United Nations Convention on Transnational Organized Crime and its protocols on trafficking in persons and migrant smuggling.

UNODC Publications - Human Trafficking and Migrant Smuggling