Developmental psychology is referred to as a scientific study surrounding the psychological changes that occur within people as they age.
Jump to navigation Jump to search The life course approach, also known as the life course perspective or life course theory, refers to an approach developed in the s for analyzing people's lives within structuralsocialand cultural contexts. The origins of this approach can be traced back to pioneering studies of the s such as Thomas' and Znaniecki's "The Polish Peasant in Europe and America" and Mannheim's essay on the "Problem of generations".
So far, empirical research from a life course perspective has not resulted in the development of a formal theory. This approach encompasses ideas and observations from an array of disciplines, notably history, sociology, demography, developmental psychology, biology, and economics.
In particular, it directs attention to the powerful connection between individual lives and the historical and socioeconomic context in which these lives unfold. As a concept, a life course is defined as "a sequence of socially defined events and roles that the individual enacts over time" Giele and Elderp.
These events and roles do not necessarily proceed in a given sequence, but rather constitute the sum total of the person's actual experience. Thus the concept of life course implies age-differentiated social phenomena distinct from uniform life-cycle stages and the life span.
Life span refers to duration of life and characteristics that are closely related to age but that vary little across time and place. In contrast, the life course perspective elaborates the importance of time, context, process, and meaning on human development and family life Bengtson and Allen The family is perceived as a micro social group within a macro social context—a "collection of individuals with shared history who interact within ever-changing social contexts across ever increasing time and space" Bengtson and Allenp.
Aging and developmental change, therefore, are continuous processes that are experienced throughout life. As such, the life course reflects the intersection of social and historical factors with personal biography and development within which the study of family life and social change can ensue Elder ; Hareven Life course theory also has moved in a constructionist direction.
Rather than taking time, sequence, and linearity for granted, in their book "Constructing the Life Course," Jaber F. Gubrium and James A.
Holstein take their point of departure from accounts of experience through time. This shifts the figure and ground of experience and its stories, foregrounding how time, sequence, linearity, and related concepts are used in everyday life.
It presents a radical turn in understanding experience through time, moving well beyond the notion of a multidisciplinary paradigm, providing an altogether different paradigm from traditional time-centered approaches.
Rather than concepts of time being the principal building blocks of propositions, concepts of time are analytically bracketed and become focal topics of research and constructive understanding.
The life course approach has been applied to topics such as health trajectories and transitions health vulnerability the occupational health of immigrants.
Mortimer and Michael J. Handbook of the Life Course. Family theories 3 ed.
Variability and Mechanisms in Life Course Perspective: Giele and Glen H. Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches, Sage Publications, Life Span Perspective Paper Student’s name Institutional Affiliation Course Date Introduction Life span perspective of development is meant to examine and explore the growth of an individual in terms of initial growth, development, and decline.
The vast range of maximum lifespan differences between species provides convincing evidence that longevity is genetically influenced. An elephant lives about 10−20 times longer than a mouse, yet both animals have roughly the same number of lifetime heartbeats — the elephant at 30 per minute and the mouse at per minute.
Life Events in a Life Span Perspective Lazarus's approach was also used to develop a life span. Such a model considers life events in their life-stage or sociohistorical context. Apr 12, · ABOUT once a month I run across a person who radiates an inner light. These people can be in any walk of life.
They seem deeply good. They listen well. Life Span Perspective Sylvia Diaz PSY/ April 25, Michael Van Loon Life Span Perspective In the following paper, a brief description of human development will be given, along with an interpretation of the life span perspective of development.
Life-Span Development Thirteenth Edition John W. Santrock Life-Span Development study guide by LeeFitz includes 69 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. c. only the periods of the human life span involving growth Life-Span perspective.