Editor is Katy Evans-Bush, with a quite eclectic but not always demanding mixture, eg in latest issue Michael Horovitz on Blake yes, he likes himthree literaryish blokes on menswear, and poems by Carrie Etter, Alistair Noon, Ira Lightman, Tom Bell.
Early life[ edit ] Mishima in his childhood c. April Mishima was born in the Yotsuya district of Tokyo now part of Shinjuku. His father was Azusa Hiraoka, a government official, and his mother, Shizue, was the daughter of the 5th principal of the Kaisei Academy. He had a younger sister, Mitsuko, who died of typhus in at the age of 17, and a younger brother, Chiyuki.
Through his grandmother, Mishima was a direct descendant of Tokugawa Ieyasu. His father, a man with a taste for military discipline, employed parenting tactics such as holding the young boy up to the side of a speeding train.
He also raided Mishima's room for evidence of an "effeminate" interest in literature and often ripped apart the boy's manuscripts.
He voraciously read the works of numerous classic Japanese authors as well as Raymond RadiguetOscar WildeRainer Maria Rilke and other European authors, both in translation and in the original. He studied German, French, and English.
After six years at school, he became the youngest member of the editorial board of its literary society. Mishima's first published works included waka poetry, before he turned his attention to prose.
Mishima's teachers were so impressed that they recommended the story to the prestigious literary magazine Bungei-Bunka. The story makes use of the metaphors and aphorisms that later became his trademarks and was published in book form in in a limited edition 4, copies because of the wartime shortage of paper.
In order to protect him from a possible backlash from his schoolmates, his teachers coined the pen-name "Yukio Mishima". At the time of his medical check up, he had a cold, and the young army doctor heard rales from the lung which was misdiagnosed as tuberculosis ; Mishima was declared unfit for service.
Attending lectures during the day and writing at night, Mishima graduated from the University of Tokyo in He obtained a position as an official in the government's Finance Ministry and was set up for a promising career. However, Mishima had exhausted himself so much that his father agreed to his resigning from the position during the first year of employment in order to devote himself to writing.
He followed with Confessions of a Maska semi- autobiographical account of a young homosexual who must hide behind a mask in order to fit into society. The novel was extremely successful and made Mishima a celebrity at the age of AroundMishima published a series of essays in Kindai Bungaku on Yasunari Kawabatafor whom he had always had a deep appreciation.
His writing gained him international celebrity and a sizable following in Europe and the United States, as many of his most famous works were translated into English.
Mishima traveled extensively; in he visited Greece, which had fascinated him since childhood. Mishima made use of contemporary events in many of his works.
The Temple of the Golden Pavilion published in is a fictionalization of the burning of the famous temple in Kyoto.
Mishima was considered for the Nobel Prize for Literature three times  and was a favorite of many foreign publications. He also had roles in films including Yukoku directed by himself,Black Lizard directed by Kinji Fukasakuand Hitokiri directed by Hideo Gosha Mishima was featured as a photo model in Ba-ra-kei: Bodybuilders of Japan and Otoko: American author Donald Richie gave a short lively account of Mishima, dressed in a loincloth and armed with a sword, posing in the snow for one of Tamotsu Yato's photoshoots.
In his essay Sun and SteelMishima deplored the emphasis given by intellectuals to the mind over the body. Mishima later also became very skilled at kendotraditional Japanese swordsmanship. The couple had two children: While working on Forbidden Colors, Mishima visited gay bars in Japan.
Mishima's children successfully sued Fukushima for violation of his privacy and copyright. A year later, he formed the Tatenokai "shield society"a private militia composed primarily of young students who studied martial principles and physical discipline, and swore to protect the Emperor of Japan.
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Mishima trained them himself. However, under Mishima's ideology, the emperor was not necessarily the reigning Emperor, but rather the abstract essence of Japan. In Eirei no Koe "Voices of the Heroic Dead"Mishima denounced Emperor Hirohito for renouncing his claim of divinity after World War II, arguing that millions of Japanese had died in the war for their "living god" Emperor, and that the Showa Emperor's renouncing his divinity meant that all those deaths were in vain.
In the final ten years of his life, Mishima wrote several full-length plays, acted in several films, and co-directed an adaptation of one of his stories, Patriotism, the Rite of Love and Death. Mishima espoused a very individual brand of nationalism towards the end of his life. Coup attempt and ritual suicide[ edit ] Mishima delivering his speech in the failed coup attempt just prior to committing seppuku November 25, On November 25,Mishima and four members of the Tatenokai, under pretext, visited the commandant of the Ichigaya Camp, the Tokyo headquarters of the Eastern Command of the Japan Self-Defense Forces.Course materials, exam information, and professional development opportunities for AP teachers and coordinators.
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