A replica of a Persian column from Persepolis currently located in Kholde Barin Park, in Shiraz Map of the expansion process of Achaemenid territories Further information: The empire ended up conquering and enlarging the Median Empire to include many more territories, for example in Europethe CaucasusAsia MinorEgyptand Central Asia.
The earlier of these two main sources is a tragedy known as The Persians, the premiere of which was performed in the year BCE at the festival of the City Dionysia in the city of Athens. This tragedy was composed and directed by the Athenian state poet Aeschylus and sponsored by the most celebrated exponent of Athenian democracy at that time, Pericles himself.
The Persian empire notes and later source is the History of Herodotus, which first circulated in the Greek- speaking world during the last decades of the fifth century BCE. Most of our information about Xerxes comes from Herodotus. In both sources, a pivotal moment in the story about Xerxes is his crossing of a strait called the Hellespont, which separates Asia Minor in the southeast from Europe in the northwest.
The quest of Xerxes was to conquer the Greeks who lived on the European side of the Aegean Sea, especially the people of Athens, and the way for his land armies to reach Europe was to cross the Hellespont. But before the planned crossing could even begin, the bridge was destroyed by a violent storm.
The narrative of Herodotus captures in detail the rage of Xerxes in reaction to this calamity. The ruler issues orders to have the Hellespont punished: It is as if Xerxes could exert his despotic rule over nature itself by treating the Hellespont as his slave.
Although the planned crossing will in any case succeed after Xerxes commissions a pontoon to be constructed in place of the bridge, the ruler will ultimately fail in his quest to conquer the Greeks of Europe, as we read not only in the history by Herodotus but also in the tragedy by Aeschylus.
Moreover, the narrative of Aeschylus explicitly links this failure with divine vengeance for the hubris or cosmic outrage shown by Xerxes, who at the end of the tragedy is displayed in a sorry state of abject defeat upon returning to his home in Persia.
The historian reports that Xerxes, at the beginning of his march toward the Hellespont, finds a plane tree that enthralls him with its beauty: A later Greek author, Aelian, ridicules Xerxes for idolizing a tree, but this worshipful gesture of the king is in fact true to the royal traditions of his dynasty.
As Pierre Briant, an expert in the history of the Persian Empire, points out, the kings of the Persian empire could be pictured as worshipping the plane tree as a tree of life.Course Hero has thousands of the Persian Empire study resources to help you.
Find the Persian Empire course notes, answered questions, and the Persian Empire tutors 24/7. AP World History - Chapter 7 | The Empires of Persia.
p. notes: a question mark (?) symbolizes the answer to the flashcard - an asterisk (*) symbolizes a hint to the answer to the flashcard Persian rulers failed to put down the rebellion; for almost years the Persian empire sparred with the Greek cities.
Alexander of Macedon. BECK index Assyrian, Neo-Babylonian, and Persian Empires. by Sanderson Beck. Assyrian Empire BC Assyrian Empire BC Neo-Babylonian Empire. The rise and fall of the Persian Empires.
The Achaemenid Empire. Medes and Persians migrated from central Asia to Persia before B.C.E. Indo-European speakers, sharing cultural traits with Aryans. Often relegated to the role of slavish cannon fodder for Sparta’s spears, the Achaemenid Persian empire had a glorious heritage.
Under a single king they created the greatest empire the world had ever seen. Achaemenid Persian Empire (– BC) was the largest empire of the ancient world and the most widespread entity of it was under Darius the Great and Xerxes (or Xerkes) — famous in antiquity as the foe of the classical Greek states (See Greco-Persian Wars) — a united Persian kingdom that originated in the region now known as Pars.