See Article History Military unit, a group having a prescribed size and a specific combat or support role within a larger military organization. The chief military units in the ancient classical world were the phalanx of the Greeks and the legion of the Romans. The units used in modern armies have their origins in the 16th—18th century, when professional armies reemerged in Europe after the end of the Middle Ages.
History[ edit ] The U. Sixth Fleet in The United States has maintained a naval presence in the Mediterranean since the early 19th century, when U. Naval forces first engaged the Barbary pirates to prevent them from interfering with commercial shipping.
The earliest unit was the Mediterranean Squadron. On 1 FebruaryU. However, perhaps a much stronger motive was to demonstrate U. The cruiser Dayton relieved the tender Shenandoah as flagship and began operating with the fleet.
Rooseveltflying the flag of Rear Admiral John H. Sixth Fleet, though additional NATO headquarters personnel would eventually be assigned, while maintaining American control over its nuclear weapons on board U. Kennedy and escorts, to [come under the command of] ComSixthFleet as TG Roosevelt and escorts TG In an exchange of notes on 13 and 25 Aprilthe United States and Egypt agreed that the United States would provide extensive assistance to clear the Suez Canal of mines, unexploded ordnance, and sunken ships.
A total of ten ships blocked the canal; civilian specialists worked from May to December to complete the operation.
The United States Atlantic Command areas that had included the waters off Europe and the west coast of Africa were to be transferred to European Command.
European Command already had responsibility for all U. The changes were made effective on October 1, The Atlantic Command areas that presently include the waters off Europe and the west coast of Africa were also transferred to European Command.
This change also extended Sixth Fleet's responsibilities to the mid-Atlantic. Structure[ edit ] The Sixth Fleet's area of responsibility, The fleet once had its headquarters in GaetaItaly, commanded by a Vice Admiral.
Since then the staff has operated as a single entity with a four star admiral who serves as Commander, Naval Forces Europe and Commander, Naval Forces Africa. This admiral has a three star Deputy Commander who also carries the title Commander, U.
Naval forces entering the Mediterranean Sea have their operational control changed to being under Sixth Fleet. Sixth Fleet has consisted of up to 40 ships, aircraft and 21, people, such as in earlywhen two carrier battle groups operated in the Mediterranean during Operation Iraqi Freedom. Since the submarine tender Emory S.
Landbased in La Maddalena in Sardinia, changed homeports to Bremerton, Washington, the fleet has just one permanently assigned ship, Mount Whitney. The fleet typically has a number of frigates and destroyers assigned, as well as those vessels transiting between the East Coast and the Suez.
SinceSixth Fleet ships have increasingly been operating around Africa, particularly in the Gulf of Guinea.
The Sixth Fleet is operationally organized into task forces. It was homeported in GaetaItaly. The Task Force is often composed of one or more aircraft carrierseach with an accompanying complement of two to six cruisers and destroyers.
On board the aircraft carrier is an Carrier air wing of 65—85 aircraft. This air wing is the primary striking arm of the Strike Group, and includes attack, fighter, anti-submarine, and reconnaissance aircraft. Breast was made up of the Coral Sea and her escorts, Task Group Goodwin, was made up of a missile cruiser, missile destroyer, and another destroyer.
In NovemberTask Group InTask Group It held the alternate designation of Task Force It is composed of approximately three amphibious ships and their embarked landing craft. From these ships, United States Marine ground forces can move ashore by sea and air in amphibious assault or emergency evacuation missions.
Once ashore, the ships of Task Force 61 logistically support the ground forces, until the objective of the landing has been accomplished, and the Marine Forces return to the ships. Transported in Task Force 61 ships, the MEU is equipped with armor, artillery, and transport helicopters that enable it to conduct operations ashore, or evacuate civilians from troubled areas.
Composed of oilers, provision ships, and repair ships, its mission is the delivery of supplies at sea, and effecting repairs to other ships and equipment of the Fleet.item no. supplies/services quantity unit unit price amount name of offeror or contractor 2 4 continuation sheet reference no.
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