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Introduction Touch is one of the most essential elements of human development, a profound method of communication, a critical component of the health and growth of infants, and a powerful healing force Bowlby, ; Harlow,; Barnett, Touch has been an essential part of ancient healing practices.
In his seminal work, Touching: The Human Significance of the Skin, Ashley Montagu brings together a vast array of studies shedding light on the role of skin and physical touch in human development.
He goes on to illuminate how the sensory system, the skin, is the most important organ system of the body, because unlike other senses, a human being cannot survive without the physical and behavioral functions performed by the skin.
Before Montague published his classic book inHarlow set the stage for our understanding of the importance of touch for emotional, physiological and interpersonal development in human and non-human infants.
In line with Harlow, Montagu concludes: Primarily Euro-American cultures in general, particularly that of North American white-Anglos, have developed a set of unspoken taboos in regard to touch. The sick and the elderly are often housed away in specialized board and care facilities, where much of time hospital staff do not value touch as an essential part of care.
Touch, in this article, refers to any physical contact occurring between a psychotherapist and a client or a patient in the context of psychotherapy. Touch is one of many non-verbal modes of communications i.
This paper looks at touch as an adjunct to verbal psychotherapy.
However, it also reviews the literature on body psychotherapies where touch is a key therapeutic tool. Touch is also likely to increase the sense of connection and trust between a therapist and a client Phalan, ; Smith et. The enhancement of the therapeutic alliance is of utmost importance, and as has been extensively documented, the quality of the relationship between therapist and client is the best predictor of therapeutic outcome Lambert, Touch, in this paper, refers primarily to touch initiated by the therapist.
However, when a client initiates or requests touch, the therapists must use his or her clinical judgment to ascertain whether providing or withholding touch is ethical and clinically advantageous in each therapeutic situation.
Starting with Freud, traditional psychoanalysis looks at touch as an obstacle to analysis and cure of neurosis Fosshage, For a variety of reasons, the field at large has embraced the analytic hands-off stance.
Touch in therapy has joined the list of modern risk management-inspired taboos: Even those who endorse risk management reluctantly agree that a courteous handshake may be unavoidable.
Viewing any non-erotic touch as the first step on the slippery slope towards sexual relationships is one of the major erroneous beliefs and obstacles to understanding the importance of touch in therapy. Some of the negative and frightening messages we have been inundated with come from prominent therapists, many of whom are psychoanalytically oriented.
One example is Menninger, who asserts that physical contact with a patient is "evidence of incompetence or criminal ruthlessness of the analysts" cited in Horton, et.
Taoism, also known as Daoism What struggles are the Western religious traditions experiencing within their own traditions? How are they evolving while keeping true to their core values/essentials? Ministerial Ethics. How might a minister use the following ministerial ethics in his/her call to ministry? SPIRITUALITY, RELIGION, CULTURE, AND PEACE: and even from different interpretations within their own religion, rather than stressing any commonalities they might share with other world religions. the ongoing ecumenical dialogue and sharing of religious practices and concerns between Eastern and Western spiritual and religious traditions. KEEP AT THE TOP. Being your own SOVEREIGN BEING with a SOUL NO ONE CAN HAVE. Until FIAT CURRENCY is Ended We are all Dead in the Water. What the New-World-Order’s End-Game really is.
Simon, in a similar vein, instructs therapists to "Foster psychological separateness of the patient. Wolbergagrees: Similarly Karbelnig shockingly stated: He summarizes his list of nine arguments against physical touch by stating "Most likely, physical contact at the very least risks adversely affecting the psychotherapeutic relationship in any number of ways.
There are many different approaches to touch in therapy. One approach, often referred to as body psychotherapy, or somatic psychotherapy, sometimes uses touch as one of its primary tools while also employing verbal communication.
It is a commonly misheld belief that all somatic or body psychotherapists utilize physical touch in psychotherapy. While many do, there are others who advise against touch.
The concept that we are embodied beings, and the respect for the unity between psychological and bodily aspects of being, is common to all forms of somatic body psychotherapy.
These schools of thought recognize the body as a vehicle of communication and healing. Another approach, and the focus of this paper, employs touch as an adjunct to verbal psychotherapy or counseling.
Body psychotherapies include schools, such as Reichain Reich, and its numerous branches, Bioenergetics Lowen,Somatic Caldwell, or Hakomi Kurtz, These approaches focus on harnessing the healing power of touch.Basya Feldman April 9, at pm.
The world is becoming a place where there are no boundaries. Everything is okay. And when the law announces to the world that a marriage between two men is just the same as a marriage between a women and man– that is turning the world upside down.
Our aim is to offer a site where progressives from a variety of religious traditions, discuss law, politics, religion, and culture together in mutual respect and affection.
This article examines roles that gender, culture and spirituality play in elements of therapeutic process. It presents an initial literature review on gender, culture and spirituality as these factors relate to shaping identities and defining one's behavior.
Discussions on how these three dimensions influence the level of understanding and . An examination of the importance of religious and political thought and the expansion of great states in the late fifteenth century, a time during which many rulers were centralizing power within their own .
As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria. Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo.
Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from metin2sell.com Map situating Sagorea Te within the larger region. there is a lack of understanding in Western culture about how religion could be tied to a specific place simply because in Western culture, religion is often not tied to the land (Michaelson, ).
In their own words •Lakota Stories; Lakota Stories (audio): Albert, Loraine + Mike.